True grit. True devotion. True love. These tributes are used often to describe the American Bulldog — a hardy, athletic, all-purpose working dog. The American Bulldog is a loving family companion, good with children and other pets, yet at the same time, fearlessly determined. It has been known to display heroic acts of courage in protecting its master. The American Bulldog has also been used to hunt everything from squirrel to bear, and has been trained to drive cattle and guard stock from predators. The American Bulldog should be evaluated as a working dog, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dogs ability to work.
- HISTORY/ORIGIN: Bulldogs in England were originally working dogs who drove and caught cattle and guarded their masters’ property. At one time, the breed was used in the grueling sport of bull baiting. With the outlawing of the sport in England in 1835, the original type of Bulldog disappeared from Britain and was replaced with the less athletic dog we now know as the English Bulldog. Yet the original Bulldog was preserved by immigrants who brought their working dogs with them to the American South. By the end of World War II, the last remnants of the working English Bulldog were disappearing in the U.S. Thanks to the breeding programs of John D. Johnson and Allen Scott, the breed was brought back from the brink of extinction. The American Bulldog was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1999 in the rare, working class.
- HEIGHT: Males: 22 – 27 inches; Females: 20 – 25 in.
- WEIGHT: Male: 75 – 125 lbs.; Female: 60 – 100 lbs.
- COLORS: All white, pied, or up to 90% color; brindle or red patches (red is defined as any shade of tan, brown
- COAT: The coat is short, close, and stiff to the touch.
- TEMPERAMENT: The essential characteristics of the American Bulldog are those which enable it to work as a hog and cattle catching dog, and a protector of personal property. These tasks require a powerful, agile, confident dog with a large head and powerful jaws. The American Bulldog is a gentle, loving family companion who is fearless enough to face an angry bull or a human intruder. Good with children. Good with pets. Puppies should have early socialization.
- CARE AND EXERCISE: Brush coat with a firm bristle brush or rubber mitt and bathe only when necessary.
- HEALTH ISSUES: A very healthy, hardy dog. Some strains have hip dysplasia. Mast cell tumors are also more common.
- CATEGORY: Rare, Working, Guardian
- REGISTRIES: UCA, UKC
- LIVING ENVIRONMENT: Either Indoor or Outdoor